According to United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS - 82), International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR -79) and International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS-74) Ukraine is obliged, among other things, fulfil the following, as a port state:
- Conduction of efficient Search and Rescue in the search and rescue region of Ukraine;
- Ensuring the operation of Ukrainian GMDSS segment in case of emergency and for ensuring security;
- Ensuring operation of Long Range Identification and Tracking System, including Ukrainian vessels in the global sea.
In order to fulfil the following functions and obligations State Enterprise "Marine Search and Rescue Service " was established.
In the IMO structure the following issues are in the competence of Maritime Safety Committee and Sub-committee on Navigation, Communications and Search and Rescue.
The abovementioned sub-committee was created in 2014 on the grounds of the sub-committee on Safety of Navigation and the sub-committee on Radio Communications and Search and Rescue.
The main tasks of the Sub-committee on Navigation, Communications and Search and Rescue of IMO are the analysis and approval of ship reporting systems, elaboration of requirements and standards of navigational and communication equipment, as well as e-navigation development (automatic navigation systems), agreeing upon the procedures of aeronautical and maritime search and rescue and so on. The following structures are part of the abovementioned sub-committee:
- Joint IMO/ICAO working group for harmonization of maritime and aeronautical search and rescue;
- Joint ІМО/ITU expert group for maritime radio communication;
The representatives of Marine Search and Rescue Service in their turn take active part in the work of Maritime Safety Committee and of the Sub-committee on Navigation, Communications and Search and Rescue as well as other supervising working bodies of IMO. This work, which is not easy, taking into account the conditions of occupation of the parts of the territorial waters and part of the land , belonging to Ukraine, on the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov by the aggressor, still will contribute to the successful passing the IMO audit in 2018.